Roach is one of the common fish. It is found everywhere: in rivers, lakes, reservoirs and even ponds. Keeps flocks. It prefers overgrown reservoirs with warm running water. Strong current avoids. But keep on his face loves.

The roach has a moderately tall, slender body of silver-white color, and its fins are gently red. Length can reach 45 cm., Weight - 2 kg., But the usual dimensions are 15-20 cm. In length and about 200-250 g of weight.

The roach feeds on insect larvae, worms, mollusks, planktonic crustaceans, algae, etc. The most intense zhor comes in April, in May-June, and also in August-September. They bite better at dawns, and in the spring - all day.

Trout belongs to the salmon family. Brook trout and lake trout are subspecies of trout, and rainbow trout is a subspecies of steelhead salmon. Trout is very critical about the quality of water and its oxygen content. Selects clean reservoirs with cold clear water.
Brown trout is found in the lakes of north-west Russia. For spawning comes into small rivers and streams, flowing into the lake. Spawns in the fall.
The brook trout (another name for it is pestrus) is the most common object for fishing. She loves cold streams and mountain rivers. The greatest weight - up to 5 kilograms of brown trout reaches in reservoirs rich in forage, its average weight is from 0.5 to 1 kilogram.
The main condition for fishing is the correct choice of fishing place. Fishing begins with the opening of the river (usually in April).
In non-freezing reservoirs, trout are caught in winter. At this time, it stands in the wintering pits. They are places with a slow current - below the debris, in the pools, at the bends of the rivers. However, at this time, the trout is rather passive, and it is not necessary to count on an active bite. Trout manifests itself more actively with the onset of melt water entering the reservoir, and an increase in the oxygen content of the water.
Being cautious fish, in summer the trout feed at night and in the dawns, especially in rivers with clear water. During the day he stands in shelters, near the place of hunting (rapids, rapids). In summer, large trout hunt only at night.
If there is no sign of dwelling small trout in a seemingly good place in a trout river, then most likely there is a large trout. She does not tolerate rivals, and drives away smaller individuals from their hunting grounds.

Trout fishing

When fishing for trout fly fishing apply a light fishing rod of the 5th - 6th class. Only if you plan to hunt large trout, then use rods up to 8th grade.

In the spring, trout feed on water crustaceans, nymphs and insects, as well as fish. It is preferable to catch on wet flies imitating a nymph and streamers. A streamer is a large, heavy, wet fly imitating a fish. Casting must be done a little upstream. Then the streamer is allowed to drift. At this time it is necessary to play with a rod, portraying a fish that has fallen off the flock. At the end of the passage, the streamer jerks up to itself.

In the spring, the best time for trout fishing is in the afternoon.

In July - August, the water warms up. The trout begins to feed on spawned flying and ground insects, nymphs, grasshoppers. Now they catch on dry flies imitating an insect that fell into the water. Baits should resemble dragonflies, caddisflies, butterflies, ants. There are also catchy fantasy flies that do not resemble any insect, and their appearance depends on the angler's fancy.

The trout is most active at this time in the early morning and late evening.

With the departure of mayfly from trout, like many other fish, zhor begins. The main task of the angler is not to miss this moment. Mass departure of mayfly occurs in different reservoirs at different times. Small mayflies begin to fly out in early spring. The largest mayflies appear in May - June.

All flies look like "mayfly" consist of a tail, abdomen, wings and plumage. In reservoirs where there is little food, the trout is not picky about the bait, unlike the reservoirs rich in food. Then you have to pick up the fly, most similar to that mayfly, which the trout feeds on in this reservoir. Wiring bait also need to make the most like a real insect.

Trout fishing on spinning

Spinning trout is caught on small rotating or oscillating loins and small wobblers. Large trout is caught on a spinning mainly in the spring. At this time, the trout is not yet frightened by anglers, and it can be found in areas accessible to anglers. At the beginning of the season it is better to use slow wiring at the bottom in deep places. The bait should be quite heavy, so it is preferable to catch on spinning, rather than fly fishing.

Catch the trout from the shore or the frost. They move upstream along the river, throw up the trolling upstream, and gradually move across and down the river. The fact is that the trout, like other fish, stands head against the jet, and so it is possible to sneak up on it imperceptibly and to carry out a nozzle more realistic.

On the ground with a steady smooth course it is useful to apply this practice. A floating wobbler is fused far downstream, and then pulled in short jerks to itself. In this case, you need a thorough disguise, you need to move without unnecessary noise.

In general, what to say about trout fishing, proper disguise is condition number one. Clothing should be a protective color, smooth and unhurried movements. A trout can see a fisherman standing on a high bank perfectly from afar, while the trout practically does not notice a fisherman standing in water to the waist because of the light refraction of water.

When fishing for trout on spinning, you should try to reach the intended point from the first cast. Throwing the spoon, you need to imagine where the trout is now, and make a throw so that when you spin the spoon passed by the fish.

It is very important that on small ponds the lure turns into work immediately, as very often the trout attack it instantly.

Elec is a common fish. When fishing, the dace requires not only skill, but also great activity from the angler, therefore it has its fans. About fishing dace in the fishing literature is written very little.
Elets like fast-flowing, hard, cartilaginous or sandy bottom. Lakes prefer only flow.
The dace resembles a young chub, only his forehead is noticeably narrower, and the anal fin is as if with a notch. Coloring usual for carp - dark green back, silvery-white belly, yellowish lower fins.
The size of the dace is not great. The length is no more than 25 cm., Weight is up to 300 g. The mature dace becomes 2-3 years old with a length of 12-14 centimeters.

Places of catching dace

Dace winters in deep pits. In March, begins movement up the river.

Spawning dace very noisy, as it is collected in large flocks. Spawning occurs in early spring at a water temperature of 7 ° C. It spawns in very small rivers, and sometimes even in streams with a slight depth, but with a rapid current and clear water. Eggs are small, sticky. Hooking off occurs in 10-12 days.

In the summer, the dace is kept in flocks below shallows, dams, at pools with fast currents. Here he finds not only fresh water, but also food.

Fishing dace

It is necessary to look for the dace in the river very carefully, so that it does not scare the shadow. If the dace does not notice the angler, then he takes the nozzle decisively, abruptly taking the float. Having found a flock, you can get up to ten dace from one place. They're driving the dace right after sweeping, otherwise you can scare off the flock. Moving up and down the river, they catch all more or less promising places. In late April - early May, the dace bites the worm very well. When the caddisc comes, you can catch it until the middle of summer.

Catch the flock fishing rods, in the wiring and fly fishing. The most flexible rod with a length of 2.5–4 m, a light float, a fishing line no thicker than 0.15 mm, hooks No. 2.5–3.5, will be suitable for a fishing rod. Without a float and sinker, you can catch the dace from above, using a fly or a grasshopper as a nozzle.

In the wiring is caught on a worm, maggots, bloodworms.

Steamed grains of pearl-barley, oats, hemp, pellet of bread, dough for fishing, semolina talker will fit from vegetable nozzles. Catch using bait. Sometimes they add moth, maggots, steamed grains. Previously, the dace was fed with cottage cheese mixed with bran and loamy earth. The bait was lowered in gauze or mesh into the depth.